2016-17 State and Local Funding for Higher Education per Student and per $1,000 in Personal Income and 10-Year Percentage Change in Inflation-Adjusted Funding per Student, by State

In 2016-17, state and local funding for public higher education averaged $7,640 per full-time equivalent (FTE) student in the United States; it ranged from $2,960 in New Hampshire and $3,020 in Vermont to $15,820 in Wyoming and $16,390 in Alaska.


 

Figure 16: 2016-17 State and Local Funding for Higher Education per Student and per $1,000 in Personal Income and 10-Year Percentage Change in Inflation-Adjusted Funding per Student, by State

Notes & Sources 

SOURCES: SHEEO, SHEF reports; Bureau of the Economic Analysis, Annual State Personal Income 2016; calculations by the authors.

  • A given level of funding per $1,000 in personal income yields higher per-student support in states with higher levels of personal income (and also in states with lower enrollment rates). In 2016-17, both West Virginia and New York provided about $5 per $1,000 in personal income, but West Virginia’s $4,740 in fiscal support per FTE student was less than half of New York’s $10,640.
  • Between 2006-07 and 2016-17, total inflation-adjusted per-student state and local funding for higher education declined by 38% in Louisiana, by 37% in Arizona, and by 25% or more in another seven states; it increased by 53% in North Dakota, by 56% in Illinois (wheremuch of the funding went to under-funded pensions), and by smaller amounts in nine other states.