Tuition and Fees and Room and Board over Time

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Published in-state tuition and fees at public four-year institutions increased from $3,190 in 2017 dollars in 1987-88 to $9,970 in 2017-18.

Table 2: Average Tuition and Fees and Room and Board (Enrollment-Weighted) in Current Dollars and in 2017 Dollars, 1971-72 to 2017-18

Published Charges over Time ChartAverage Tuition and Fees and Room and Board (Enrollment-Weighted) in Current Dollars and in 2017 Dollars, 1971-72 to 2017-18

Notes & Sources 

NOTE: Average tuition and fee prices reflect in-district charges for public two-year institutions and in-state charges for public four-year institutions.
 
SOURCES: College Board, Annual Survey of Colleges; NCES, IPEDS Fall Enrollment data.
  • The 10-year dollar increases (in 2017 dollars) over the past three decades ranged from $310 to $870 at public two-year colleges, from $1,550 to $2,690 at public four-year institutions, and from $5,860 to $7,220 in the private nonprofit four-year sector.
  • At private nonprofit four-year institutions, published tuition and fees rose at about the same rates from 2007-08 to 2012-13 and from 2012-13 to 2017-18—12% and 13% over five years after adjusting for inflation. In contrast, average prices at public two-year and four-year institutions rose at about twice that rate over the first five years of the decade, but more slowly—6% and 8%—between 2012-13 and 2017-18.