Distribution of Pell Grant Recipients by 2010 Family Income and Dependency Status, 2011-12

In 2011-12, just over half of all Pell Grant recipients in public and private nonprofit four-year institutions were dependent students, compared to 37% of recipients in public two-year colleges and 19% in the for-profit sector.

Figure 15B: Distribution of Pell Grant Recipients by Dependency Status and 2010 Family Income Level, 2011-12
Notes & Sources 

NOTE: Percentages may not sum to 100 because of rounding.

SOURCES: The Federal Pell Grant Program End-of-Year Report, 2011-12, Table 6; calculations by the authors.

  • In 2011-12, 30% of all independent Pell Grant recipients were enrolled in the for-profit sector, as were 10% of dependent Pell Grant recipients. Two-year public colleges enrolled 39% of independent and 33% of dependent Pell Grant recipients.
  • In 2011-12, 34% of recipients were full-time dependent students. These students received 38% of Pell Grant funds.
  • In 2011-12, 55% of all Pell Grant recipients enrolled full time were independent students, as were 72% of those enrolled part time.
  • Dependent students constituted 41% of Pell Grant recipients in 2011-12, with 88% of these students coming from families with incomes of $50,000
    or less.
  • Virtually all independent Pell Grant recipients without dependents have family incomes under $30,000. Among independent recipients with dependents, 25% have incomes exceeding $30,000.
  • About half of all Pell Grant recipients in 2011-12 were ages 23 or younger, and about a quarter were ages 31 or older.