Total Federal, Institutional, Private and Employer, and State Grants over Time
After adjusting for inflation, total grant aid increased from $32.0 billion (in 2011 dollars) in 1991-92 to $53.7 billion in 2001-02, to $70.2 billion in 2006-07, and to $112.3 billion in 2011-12.
NOTE: Percentages may not sum to 100 because of rounding.
SOURCE: Table 1.
- Over the decade from 1991-92 to 2001-02, state grant aid and grants from employers and other private sources grew more rapidly than federal and institutional grants. Over the most recent decade, however, federal grant aid grew by 185% after adjusting for inflation and institutional grant aid almost doubled, while the other sources of grant aid increased more slowly.
- Federal grant aid declined from 40% of all grants in 1991-92 to 32% in 2001-02 and to 30% in 2006-07. Because of sharp increases in Pell Grants and aid for veterans, by 2011-12, the federal government provided 44% of the grant aid received by all postsecondary students.
- Because postsecondary enrollment increased by 34% over the decade from 2001-02 to 2011-12, the 109% increase in total grant aid generated a 56% increase in inflation-adjusted grant dollars per FTE.